Redox-Channeling Polydopamine-Ferrocene (PDA-Fc) Coating To Confer Context-Dependent and Photothermal Antimicrobial Activities.

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TitleRedox-Channeling Polydopamine-Ferrocene (PDA-Fc) Coating To Confer Context-Dependent and Photothermal Antimicrobial Activities.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsSong, J, Liu, H, Lei, M, Tan, H, Chen, Z, Antoshin, A, Payne, GF, Qu, X, Liu, C
JournalACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published2020 Feb 05

Microbial disinfection associated with medical device surfaces has been an increasing need, and surface modification strategies such as antibacterial coatings have gained great interest. Here, we report the development of polydopamine-ferrocene (PDA-Fc)-functionalized TiO nanorods (Ti-Nd-PDA-Fc) as a context-dependent antibacterial system on implant to combat bacterial infection and hinder biofilm formation. In this work, two synergistic antimicrobial mechanisms of the PDA-Fc coating are proposed. First, the PDA-Fc coating is redox-active and can be locally activated to release antibacterial reactive oxygen species (ROS), especially ·OH in response to the acidic microenvironment induced by bacteria colonization and host immune responses. The results demonstrate that redox-based antimicrobial activity of Ti-Nd-PDA-Fc offers antibacterial efficacy of over 95 and 92% against methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and , respectively. Second, the photothermal effect of PDA can enhance the antibacterial capability upon near-infrared (NIR) irradiation, with over 99% killing efficacy against MRSA and , and even suppress the formation of biofilm through both localized hyperthermia and enhanced ·OH generation. Additionally, Ti-Nd-PDA-Fc is biocompatible when tested with model pre-osteoblast MC-3T3 E1 cells and promotes cell adhesion and spreading presumably due to its nanotopographical features. The MRSA-infected wound model also indicates that Ti-Nd-PDA-Fc with NIR irradiation can effectively eliminate bacterial infection and suppress host inflammatory responses. We believe that this study demonstrates a simple means to create biocompatible redox-active coatings that confer context-dependent antibacterial activities to implant surfaces.

Alternate JournalACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PubMed ID31971763