Features of the retinal environment which affect the activities and product profile of cholesterol-metabolizing cytochromes P450 CYP27A1 and CYP11A1.

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TitleFeatures of the retinal environment which affect the activities and product profile of cholesterol-metabolizing cytochromes P450 CYP27A1 and CYP11A1.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsHeo, G-Y, Liao, W-L, Turko, IV, Pikuleva, IA
JournalArch Biochem Biophys
Volume518
Issue2
Pagination119-26
Date Published2012 Feb 15
ISSN1096-0384
KeywordsAnimals, Cattle, Cholestanetriol 26-Monooxygenase, Cholesterol, Cholesterol Side-Chain Cleavage Enzyme, Eye Proteins, Humans, Kinetics, Organ Specificity, Recombinant Proteins, Retina
Abstract

The retina is the sensory organ in the back of the eye which absorbs and converts light to electrochemical impulses transferred to the brain. Herein, we studied how retinal environment affects enzyme-mediated cholesterol removal. We focused on two mitochondrial cytochrome P450 enzymes, CYPs 27A1 and 11A1, which catalyze the first steps in metabolism of cholesterol in the retina and other tissues. Phospholipids (PL) from mitochondria of bovine neural retina, retinal pigment epithelium, liver and adrenal cortex were isolated and compared for the effect on kinetic properties of purified recombinant CYPs in the reconstituted system in vitro. The four studied tissues were also evaluated for the mitochondrial PL and cholesterol content and levels of CYPs 27A1, 11A1 and their redox partners. The data obtained were used for modeling the retinal environment in the in vitro enzyme assays in which we detected the P450 metabolites, 22R-hydroxycholesterol and 5-cholestenoic acid, unexpectedly found by us in the retina in our previous studies. The effect of the by-product of the visual cycle pyridinium bis-retinoid A2E on kinetics of CYP27A1-mediated cholesterol metabolism was also investigated. The results provide insight into the retina's regulation of the enzyme-mediated cholesterol removal.

DOI10.1016/j.abb.2011.12.016
Alternate JournalArch. Biochem. Biophys.
PubMed ID22227097
PubMed Central IDPMC3274590
Grant ListR01 EY018383 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States
R01 EY018383-05 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States