Structure of oxalacetate acetylhydrolase, a virulence factor of the chestnut blight fungus.

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TitleStructure of oxalacetate acetylhydrolase, a virulence factor of the chestnut blight fungus.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsChen, C, Sun, Q, Narayanan, B, Nuss, DL, Herzberg, O
JournalJ Biol Chem
Volume285
Issue34
Pagination26685-96
Date Published2010 Aug 20
ISSN1083-351X
KeywordsCatalytic Domain, Cloning, Molecular, Crystallography, X-Ray, Fungi, Hydrolases, Ligands, Molecular Sequence Data, Plant Diseases, Protein Conformation, Protein Multimerization, Substrate Specificity, Virulence Factors
Abstract

Oxalacetate acetylhydrolase (OAH), a member of the phosphoenolpyruvate mutase/isocitrate lyase superfamily, catalyzes the hydrolysis of oxalacetate to oxalic acid and acetate. This study shows that knock-out of the oah gene in Cryphonectria parasitica, the chestnut blight fungus, reduces the ability of the fungus to form cankers on chestnut trees, suggesting that OAH plays a key role in virulence. OAH was produced in Escherichia coli and purified, and its catalytic rates were determined. Oxalacetate is the main OAH substrate, but the enzyme also acts as a lyase of (2R,3S)-dimethyl malate with approximately 1000-fold lower efficacy. The crystal structure of OAH was determined alone, in complex with a mechanism-based inhibitor, 3,3-difluorooxalacetate (DFOA), and in complex with the reaction product, oxalate, to a resolution limit of 1.30, 1.55, and 1.65 A, respectively. OAH assembles into a dimer of dimers with each subunit exhibiting an (alpha/beta)(8) barrel fold and each pair swapping the 8th alpha-helix. An active site "gating loop" exhibits conformational disorder in the ligand-free structure. To obtain the structures of the OAH.ligand complexes, the ligand-free OAH crystals were soaked briefly with DFOA or oxalacetate. DFOA binding leads to ordering of the gating loop in a conformation that sequesters the ligand from the solvent. DFOA binds in a gem-diol form analogous to the oxalacetate intermediate/transition state. Oxalate binds in a planar conformation, but the gating loop is largely disordered. Comparison between the OAH structure and that of the closely related enzyme, 2,3-dimethylmalate lyase, suggests potential determinants of substrate preference.

DOI10.1074/jbc.M110.117804
Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
PubMed ID20558740
PubMed Central IDPMC2924111
Grant ListGM55981 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
P01-GM057890 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States