Hypovirus-responsive transcription factor gene pro1 of the chestnut blight fungus Cryphonectria parasitica is required for female fertility, asexual spore development, and stable maintenance of hypovirus infection.

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TitleHypovirus-responsive transcription factor gene pro1 of the chestnut blight fungus Cryphonectria parasitica is required for female fertility, asexual spore development, and stable maintenance of hypovirus infection.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsSun, Q, Choi, GH, Nuss, DL
JournalEukaryot Cell
Volume8
Issue3
Pagination262-70
Date Published2009 Mar
ISSN1535-9786
KeywordsAesculus, Amino Acid Sequence, Ascomycota, Fungal Proteins, Molecular Sequence Data, Phosphotransferases (Carboxyl Group Acceptor), Plant Diseases, Reproduction, Asexual, RNA Viruses, Sequence Alignment, Spores, Fungal, Virulence
Abstract

We report characterization of the gene encoding putative transcription factor PRO1, identified in transcriptional profiling studies as being downregulated in the chestnut blight fungus Cryphonectria parasitica in response to infection by virulence-attenuating hypoviruses. Sequence analysis confirmed that pro1 encodes a Zn(II)(2)Cys(6) binuclear cluster DNA binding protein with significant sequence similarity to the pro1 gene product that controls fruiting body development in Sordaria macrospora. Targeted disruption of the C. parasitica pro1 gene resulted in two phenotypic changes that also accompany hypovirus infection, a significant reduction in asexual sporulation that could be reversed by exposure to high light intensity, and loss of female fertility. The pro1 disruption mutant, however, retained full virulence. Although hypovirus CHV1-EP713 infection was established in the pro1 disruption mutant, infected colonies continually produced virus-free sectors, suggesting that PRO1 is required for stable maintenance of hypovirus infection. These results complement the recent characterization of the hypovirus-responsive homologue of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ste12 C(2)H(2) zinc finger transcription factor gene, cpst12, which was shown to be required for C. parasitica female fertility and virulence.

DOI10.1128/EC.00338-08
Alternate JournalEukaryotic Cell
PubMed ID19114501
PubMed Central IDPMC2653244
Grant ListGM55981 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States