Intraspecific genetic variations, fitness cost and benefit of RPW8, a disease resistance locus in Arabidopsis thaliana.

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TitleIntraspecific genetic variations, fitness cost and benefit of RPW8, a disease resistance locus in Arabidopsis thaliana.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsOrgil, U, Araki, H, Tangchaiburana, S, Berkey, R, Xiao, S
Date Published2007 Aug
KeywordsArabidopsis, Arabidopsis Proteins, Ascomycota, Base Sequence, DNA, Plant, Evolution, Molecular, Genes, Plant, Genetic Variation, Molecular Sequence Data, Phenotype, Phylogeny, Plant Diseases, Plants, Genetically Modified, Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid, Time Factors

The RPW8 locus of Arabidopsis thaliana confers broad-spectrum resistance to powdery mildew pathogens. In many A. thaliana accessions, this locus contains two homologous genes, RPW8.1 and RPW8.2. In some susceptible accessions, however, these two genes are replaced by HR4, a homolog of RPW8.1. Here, we show that RPW8.2 from A. lyrata conferred powdery mildew resistance in A. thaliana, suggesting that RPW8.2 might have gained the resistance function before the speciation of A. thaliana and A. lyrata. To investigate how RPW8 has been maintained in A. thaliana, we examined the nucleotide sequence polymorphisms in RPW8 from 51 A. thaliana accessions, related disease reaction phenotypes to the evolutionary history of RPW8.1 and RPW8.2, and identified mutations that confer phenotypic variations. The average nucleotide diversities were high at RPW8.1 and RPW8.2, showing no sign of selective sweep. Moreover, we found that expression of RPW8 incurs fitness benefits and costs on A. thaliana in the presence and absence of the pathogens, respectively. Our results suggest that polymorphisms at the RPW8 locus in A. thaliana may have been maintained by complex selective forces, including those from the fitness benefits and costs both associated with RPW8.

Alternate JournalGenetics
PubMed ID17565954
PubMed Central IDPMC1950634