The exchangeability of amino acids in proteins.

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TitleThe exchangeability of amino acids in proteins.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsYampolsky, LY, Stoltzfus, A
JournalGenetics
Volume170
Issue4
Pagination1459-72
Date Published2005 Aug
ISSN0016-6731
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Amino Acid Substitution, Amino Acids, Evolution, Molecular, Genetic Diseases, Inborn, Genetic Engineering, Genetic Variation, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutagenesis, Site-Directed, Mutation, Missense, Predictive Value of Tests, Proteins, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
Abstract

The comparative analysis of protein sequences depends crucially on measures of amino acid similarity or distance. Many such measures exist, yet it is not known how well these measures reflect the operational exchangeability of amino acids in proteins, since most are derived by methods that confound a variety of effects, including effects of mutation. In pursuit of a pure measure of exchangeability, we present (1) a compilation of data on the effects of 9671 amino acid exchanges engineered and assayed in a set of 12 proteins; (2) a statistical procedure to combine results from diverse assays of exchange effects; (3) a matrix of "experimental exchangeability" values EX(ij) derived from applying this procedure to the compiled data; and (4) a set of three tests designed to evaluate the power of an exchangeability measure to (i) predict the effects of amino acid exchanges in the laboratory, (ii) account for the disease-causing potential of missense mutations in the human population, and (iii) model the probability of fixation of missense mutations in evolution. EX not only captures useful information on exchangeability while remaining free of other effects, but also outperforms all measures tested except for the best-performing alignment scoring matrix, which is comparable in performance.

DOI10.1534/genetics.104.039107
Alternate JournalGenetics
PubMed ID15944362
PubMed Central IDPMC1449787