|Title||Tobacco mosaic virus coat protein: an elicitor of the hypersensitive reaction but not required for the development of mosaic symptoms in Nicotiana sylvestris.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1989|
|Authors||Culver, JN, Dawson, WO|
|Date Published||1989 Dec|
|Keywords||Blotting, Western, Capsid, DNA Mutational Analysis, Mutation, Plant Diseases, Plants, Toxic, Protein Biosynthesis, RNA, Viral, Tobacco, Tobacco Mosaic Virus|
Specific nucleotide changes in the coat protein gene of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) have been identified as responsible for the induction of the hypersensitive reaction (HR) in Nicotiana sylvestris. Each of these nucleotide changes resulted in amino acid substitutions in the coat protein. To determine if the altered viral RNA or the altered protein acted directly to elicit the HR, the coat protein translational starts were removed from full-length cDNA clones of the HR-inducing mutant TMV 25 and the systemically infecting TMV U1 strain. Infectious transcripts of these altered genomes failed to induce HR in inoculated leaves of N. sylvestris. These free-RNA mutants moved poorly out of inoculated leaves and produced a systemic mosaic symptom 9 to 12 weeks after inoculation. Infectious viral RNA, from both mutants, was recovered from inoculated and systemic mosaic leaves. Western blot analysis of both inoculated and noninoculated leaves revealed the presence of TMV-encoded 126-kDa protein and the absence of coat protein for both mutants. This study demonstrates that the coat protein of TMV 25 is an elicitor molecule responsible for the induction of HR in N. sylvestris and that the TMV coat protein is not required for the development of systemic mosaic symptoms.