Tissue distribution of rat S100 alpha and S100 beta and S100-binding proteins.

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TitleTissue distribution of rat S100 alpha and S100 beta and S100-binding proteins.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1987
AuthorsZimmer, DB, Van Eldik, LJ
JournalAm J Physiol
Volume252
Issue3 Pt 1
PaginationC285-9
Date Published1987 Mar
ISSN0002-9513
KeywordsAnimals, Carrier Proteins, Molecular Weight, Radioimmunoassay, Rats, S100 Proteins, Tissue Distribution
Abstract

To understand the physiological role of the calcium-binding proteins S100 alpha and S100 beta, it is necessary to determine the distribution of these proteins and detect their intracellular targets in various tissues. The distribution of immunoreactive S100 alpha and S100 beta in various rat tissues was examined by radioimmunoassay. All tissues examined contained detectable S100, but the S100 beta/S100 alpha ratio in each tissue differed. Brain, adipose, and testes contained 18- to 40-fold more S100 beta than S100 alpha; skin and liver contained approximately equivalent amounts and kidney, spleen, and heart contained 8- to 75-fold more S100 alpha than S100 beta. Analysis of S100-binding proteins by gel overlay showed that each tissue possessed its own complement of binding proteins. The S100 beta-binding profile was indistinguishable from the S100 alpha-binding profile and both of these profiles were distinct from the calmodulin-binding profile. These observations suggest that the differential distribution and quantity of the individual S100 polypeptides and their binding proteins in various tissues may be important factors in determining S100 function.

Alternate JournalAm. J. Physiol.
PubMed ID3826357
Grant ListGM-33481 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States