Proteases of enhanced stability: characterization of a thermostable variant of subtilisin.

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TitleProteases of enhanced stability: characterization of a thermostable variant of subtilisin.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1986
AuthorsBryan, PN, Rollence, ML, Pantoliano, MW, Wood, J, Finzel, BC, Gilliland, GL, Howard, AJ, Poulos, TL
JournalProteins
Volume1
Issue4
Pagination326-34
Date Published1986 Dec
ISSN0887-3585
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Bacillus, Crystallization, Genes, Bacterial, Genetic Variation, Mutation, Protein Conformation, Protein Denaturation, Subtilisins, X-Ray Diffraction
Abstract

A procedure has been developed for the isolation and identification of mutants in the bacterial serine protease subtilisin that exhibit enhanced thermal stability. The cloned subtilisin BPN' gene from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens was treated with bisulfite, a chemical mutagen that deaminates cytosine to uracil in single-stranded DNA. Strains containing the cloned, mutagenized subtilisin gene which produced subtilisin with enhanced thermal stability were selected by a simple plate assay procedure which screens for esterase activity on nitrocellulose filters after preincubation at elevated temperatures. One thermostable subtilisin variant, designated 7150, has been fully characterized and found to differ from wild-type subtilisin by a single substitution of Ser for Asn at position 218. The 7150 enzyme was found to undergo thermal inactivation at one-fourth the rate of the wild-type enzyme when incubated at elevated temperatures. Moreover, the mid-point in the thermally induced transition from the folded to unfolded state was found to be 2.4-3.9 degrees C higher for 7150 as determined by differential scanning calorimetry under a variety of conditions. The refined, 1.8-A crystal structures of the wild-type and 7150 subtilisin have been compared in detail, leading to the conclusion that slight improvements in hydrogen bond parameters in the vicinity of position 218 result in the enhanced thermal stability of 7150.

DOI10.1002/prot.340010406
Alternate JournalProteins
PubMed ID3329733