A model for the Ca2+-induced conformational transition of troponin C. A trigger for muscle contraction.

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TitleA model for the Ca2+-induced conformational transition of troponin C. A trigger for muscle contraction.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1986
AuthorsHerzberg, O, Moult, J, James, MN
JournalJ Biol Chem
Volume261
Issue6
Pagination2638-44
Date Published1986 Feb 25
ISSN0021-9258
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Animals, Calcium, Chickens, Crystallography, Macromolecular Substances, Models, Chemical, Models, Molecular, Muscle Contraction, Solvents, Troponin, Troponin C, Turkeys
Abstract

The initial contractile event in muscle is the binding of Ca2+ ions to troponin C of the troponin complex, leading to a series of conformational changes in the members of the thin and thick filaments. Knowledge of the crystal structure of turkey skeletal muscle troponin C has provided a structural basis for the modeling of the first stage of this process in atomic detail. This crystal structure probably represents the molecule in the relaxed state of muscle, with two of the maximum of 4 Ca2+ ions bound. The basis for the model presented here is that upon binding of the additional two Ca2+ ions, the regulatory domain of the molecule undergoes a conformational transition to become closely similar in structure to the domain which always binds Ca2+ or Mg2+ under physiological conditions. The root mean square discrepancy in atomic coordinates between the apo and the modeled Ca2+-bound states of the regulatory domain is 4.8 A, with some shifts as large as 10-15 A in the region near the linker between the two Ca2+ binding sites. It is demonstrated that this Ca2+-bound conformation of the regulatory domain conforms to accepted protein structure rules and that the change in conformation can be accomplished without encountering any barriers too high to be surmounted on the physiological time scale.

Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
PubMed ID3949740