A Medicago truncatula SWEET transporter implicated in arbuscule maintenance during arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis.

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TitleA Medicago truncatula SWEET transporter implicated in arbuscule maintenance during arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsAn, J, Zeng, T, Ji, C, de Graaf, S, Zheng, Z, Xiao, TTing, Deng, X, Xiao, S, Bisseling, T, Limpens, E, Pan, Z
JournalNew Phytol
Date Published2019 May 31
ISSN1469-8137
Abstract

•Plants form a mutualistic symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, which facilitates the acquisition of scarce minerals from the soil. In return, the host plants provide sugars and lipids to its fungal partner. However, the mechanism by which the AM fungi obtain sugars from the plant has remained elusive. •In this study we investigated the role of potential SWEET family sugar exporters in AM symbiosis in Medicago truncatula. •We show that M. truncatula SWEET1b transporter is strongly upregulated in arbuscule-containing cells compared to roots and localizes to the peri-arbuscular membrane, across which nutrient exchange takes place. Heterologous expression of MtSWEET1b in a yeast hexose transport mutant showed that it mainly transports glucose. Overexpression of MtSWEET1b in M. truncatula roots promoted the growth of intraradical mycelium during AM symbiosis. Surprisingly, two independent Mtsweet1b mutants, which are predicted to produce truncated protein variants impaired in glucose transport, exhibited no significant defects in AM symbiosis. However, arbuscule-specific overexpression of MtSWEET1b , which are considered to act in a dominant-negative manner, resulted in enhanced collapse of arbuscules. •Taken together, our results reveal a (redundant) role for MtSWEET1b in the transport of glucose across the peri-arbuscular membrane to maintain arbuscules for a healthy mutually beneficial symbiosis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1111/nph.15975
Alternate JournalNew Phytol.
PubMed ID31148173