Characterization of LysBC17, a Lytic Endopeptidase from .

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TitleCharacterization of LysBC17, a Lytic Endopeptidase from .
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSwift, SM, Etobayeva, IV, Reid, KP, Waters, JJ, Oakley, BB, Donovan, DM, Nelson, DC
JournalAntibiotics (Basel)
Volume8
Issue3
Date Published2019 Sep 19
ISSN2079-6382
Abstract

, a Gram-positive bacterium, is an agent of food poisoning. is closely related to , a deadly pathogen for humans, and , an insect pathogen. Due to the growing prevalence of antibiotic resistance in bacteria, alternative antimicrobials are needed. One such alternative is peptidoglycan hydrolase enzymes, which can lyse Gram-positive bacteria when exposed externally. A bioinformatic search for bacteriolytic enzymes led to the discovery of a gene encoding an endolysin-like endopeptidase, LysBC17, which was then cloned from the genome of strain Bc17. This gene is also present in the ATCC 14579 genome. The gene for LysBC17 encodes a protein of 281 amino acids. Recombinant LysBC17 was expressed and purified from . Optimal lytic activity against occurred between pH 7.0 and 8.0, and in the absence of NaCl. The LysBC17 enzyme had lytic activity against strains of , , and other species.

DOI10.3390/antibiotics8030155
Alternate JournalAntibiotics (Basel)
PubMed ID31546935
Grant List1R41AI122666 / / National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases /
Section 1433 Funds / / National Institute of Food and Agriculture /
N/A / / Western University of Health Sciences - College of Veterinary Medicine /