Allosteric activation of E2-RING finger-mediated ubiquitylation by a structurally defined specific E2-binding region of gp78.

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TitleAllosteric activation of E2-RING finger-mediated ubiquitylation by a structurally defined specific E2-binding region of gp78.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsDas, R, Mariano, J, Tsai, YChe, Kalathur, RC, Kostova, Z, Li, J, Tarasov, SG, McFeeters, RL, Altieri, AS, Ji, X, R Byrd, A, Weissman, AM
JournalMol Cell
Volume34
Issue6
Pagination674-85
Date Published2009 Jun 26
ISSN1097-4164
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Binding Sites, Crystallography, X-Ray, Humans, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Receptors, Autocrine Motility Factor, Receptors, Cytokine, RING Finger Domains, Ubiquitin, Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes, Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases, Ubiquitination
Abstract

The activity of RING finger ubiquitin ligases (E3) is dependent on their ability to facilitate transfer of ubiquitin from ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2) to substrates. The G2BR domain within the E3 gp78 binds selectively and with high affinity to the E2 Ube2g2. Through structural and functional analyses, we determine that this occurs on a region of Ube2g2 distinct from binding sites for ubiquitin-activating enzyme (E1) and RING fingers. Binding to the G2BR results in conformational changes in Ube2g2 that affect ubiquitin loading. The Ube2g2:G2BR interaction also causes an approximately 50-fold increase in affinity between the E2 and RING finger. This results in markedly increased ubiquitylation by Ube2g2 and the gp78 RING finger. The significance of this G2BR effect is underscored by enhanced ubiquitylation observed when Ube2g2 is paired with other RING finger E3s. These findings uncover a mechanism whereby allosteric effects on an E2 enhance E2-RING finger interactions and, consequently, ubiquitylation.

DOI10.1016/j.molcel.2009.05.010
Alternate JournalMol. Cell
PubMed ID19560420
PubMed Central IDPMC3050579
Grant ListZ01 BC009392-15 / / Intramural NIH HHS / United States